Business Cash Flow Calculator
Having adequate cash flow is essential to keep your business running. If you run out of available cash, you run the risk of not being able to meet your current obligations: your payroll, accounts payable and loan payments.
Use this Cash Flow Calculator to help you determine the cash flow generated by your business.
The Cash Flow Calculator is useful for small businesses, online stores, retail stores and other businesses to keep a handle on your finances.
We have three different cash flow: From investments, from operations and from financing.
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Business Cash Flow – Definitions
Cash at beginning of period – Total cash available at the beginning of the period.
Cash at end of period – Total cash calculated for the end of the period. If this amount is lower than your beginning balance, your business has a negative cash flow. If this amount is negative, you may need to increase your cash flow to maintain your current operations.
Received from customers – Cash received from your customers for the period. Make sure this amount is based on your actual receipts, not your booked sales. An increase in your accounts receivable may increase your profit on paper, but it does not change your cash flow.
Other cash receipts – Any other cash received during this period. Again, make sure this amount is based on the amount actually received.
For inventory – Total cash paid for the period to purchase inventory. Like your cash received, your cash paid during a period should be your actual cash payments.
For insurance – Total cash paid for insurance, advertising, rent payments and lease payments.
For payroll – Total cash paid for your payroll and employment taxes.
Other payments – Any other cash paid during this period for your operations. This may include one time expenses or incidentals such as postage, couriers, or office supplies.
Interest paid – Total interest expenses you paid during this period.
Sale of property – Include any cash received during this period from the sale of assets, including real estate, tangible assets and intellectual property.
Sale – Cash received from the sale of any investments held. This includes the sale of investments in other companies, the sale of stock and the sale of bonds. It does not include issuing new stock or bonds for your company. This source of income is included in the financing section of your cash flow statement.
Other activity – Any other cash received from your investment activities.
Capital expenditures – Cash used to purchase capital equipment or land for use in your business.
Purchases – Cash used to purchase new or increase the holdings of your investments. Like the sale of investments, only include the purchase of external investments. Stock buy back, and debt retirement are included in the finance section of your cash flow statement.
Other Use – Cash used for any other investment activity.
New borrowing – Net new borrowing for the period. Include new borrowing as well as the net increase in any line of credit borrowing.
Stock issuing – Net cash received from issuing stock. Make sure this is the net amount, after any fees have been taken into account.
Capital contributions – Any cash received from the owner(s) for the period.
Loan repayments – Total loan principal repayments for the period. Do not include interest. Interest is included in the operating expenses of the cash flow statement.
Dividends paid – Any cash dividends paid for the period.
Other distributions – Any other financial distributions made during this period.
How to calculate cash flow
Here are 10 methods you can use to calculate cash flow:
- The direct method: This involves adding up all the sources of cash that come into the business, such as revenue from sales, and subtracting all the uses of cash, such as payments for expenses.
- The indirect method: This method starts with the net income from the income statement, and then adjusts for non-cash expenses, such as depreciation, to arrive at the cash flow from operating activities.
- The cash flow from financing activities: This section of the cash flow statement shows the cash inflows and outflows from activities such as borrowing money, repaying loans, and issuing or buying back shares.
- The cash flow from investing activities: This section shows the cash inflows and outflows from activities such as buying or selling assets, such as property, plant, and equipment.
- The net increase or decrease in cash: This is the overall change in the company’s cash balance over the period being reported, and is calculated by adding up the cash flows from all three sections of the cash flow statement.
- The cash conversion cycle: This measures the length of time it takes for a company to convert its investments in inventory and other resources into cash from sales.
- The free cash flow: This is the cash flow that is available to the company after it has paid for the investments it needs to maintain and grow its business.
- The cash flow to creditors: This is the cash flow that is available to pay off the company’s creditors, such as its lenders and suppliers.
- The cash flow to shareholders: This is the cash flow that is available to be distributed to the company’s shareholders, either through dividends or share buybacks.
- The cash flow coverage ratio: This is a financial ratio that shows how well the company’s cash flows can cover its debt payments. It is calculated by dividing the cash flow from operating activities by the total debt payments due in the same period.